Empowering women in India requires strong will and a new civil discourse
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In India, women have had no place in socio-economic decisions for centuries. before independence. Most of our ancient society had lights and shadows (caste system). For various reasons, women have not been granted the rights, equality, economic opportunities and civil rights they deserve. After the emergence of feminist thought in the 19th century from a society that considered education, economic opportunity, social freedom, political rights, improving their intelligence, respecting them and giving equality to women of all castes, which was contrary to Hindu beliefs, a movement emerged as a resistance to social structures. India’s caste system has also played a huge role in creating a male-dominated society that has always rejected women’s freedom and equality.
The Women’s Reservation Bill is a cure worse than the disease:
There is now a broad consensus on the need to improve the representation of women in legislative assemblies. However, the Women’s Reservation Bill, presented to Lok Sabha, has serious shortcomings and is likely to do more harm than good. The bill provides for the reservation of one-third of all seats in the Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabhas for women. This reservation also applies to seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs). As the reservation is large, the permanent reservation of certain seats is neither feasible nor politically acceptable, and therefore the bill provides for a rotation of the reservation at each election.
Such compulsory rotation violates fundamental principles of democratic representation and leadership development. In most cases, male politicians will be tempted to spend a great deal of their political capital to help their own female relatives grab those reserved seats. These proxies would be expected to keep the seat “safe” for the men until the next election, when they would again try to reclaim their seats. The experience of fixed quotas in a few countries where it has been tried, such as Nepal, the Philippines and the former Soviet Union, has not produced very positive results for women’s participation.
While women’s reservations will do good for women’s empowerment may be a moot point in civil discourse, but the way India’s political community acts on politics, tells a story of lack of political will for empowerment women.
Given these infirmities, there is a need to design better models to improve women’s representation in legislatures. Germany’s Liberal Democratic Party (FDP) has unanimously rejected mandatory female citations as it has chosen the largest number of female leaders to lead its political party and election campaigns and taken extraordinary steps to attract more women leaders and enhance their active participation in party and elected positions. Political parties should voluntarily encourage and support the participation of women leaders in political and electoral politics instead of mandatory processes. Most successful women in Indian politics come from wealthy families or political dynastic families. Political parties must therefore denounce their dynastic political practices to encourage women regardless of their social and economic conditions.
The Women’s Bill, which has been pending for 25 years, shows political parties’ contempt for women’s empowerment. Instead of bringing women’s bills into the picture, amendments can be made to the Representation of the People Act 1951. If you take a closer look at previous elections so far, you will find that the success rate of women in elections is higher than that of men. . Our company respects women leaders. History clearly shows that voters have never discriminated against female candidates. Given the opportunity, voters are more likely to elect a woman than a man. Let’s put the law aside for a moment. If the national and regional political parties had indeed had the political will to do so, then the political parties would have allowed women candidates to stand for election in at least one-third of the seats, regardless of the law.
Independent India had a great opportunity to give equal importance to women after independence, but the Indian political community never even bothered to deal with women’s issues and women’s civil rights. women will get their rightful place if they demonstrate equal respect and equal rights rather than verbally. The idea that strong female empowerment is inevitable in a developing economy and that politics means crime, corruption and politics will not change is firmly in people’s minds. This notion is likely to disappear if women take this leadership to get by. Standards are improving in parliament, in the legislature, in governments, in politics and in public debate.
However, many women have succeeded in their own way in recent years in all spheres such as social, economic, cultural and agricultural, political. In most cases, only women of hereditary origin benefit from it. Opportunities and leadership are not easy for those who come from common backgrounds. The population of women in our country is roughly equal to that of men, women can play a crucial role in nation building and the overall development of the country. the need for empowerment of women really hoping that this empowerment will take shape in society
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